This post was originally written for and published on Tradiio’s blog.
Did you know that music creators in the United States earn fewer royalty streams than their international counterparts?
In the United States, there is no national performance right in sound recordings. The US Copyright Act sets out several rights for compositions (songs), such as the right to reproduce and distribute compositions in phonorecords, but thanks to a combination of outdated rules and tough opposition from lobbying organizations that represent broadcasters, the law does not include a performance right for sound recordings.
This means that whenever a recording is performed on AM/FM radio in the US, broadcasters are not required to pay artists or record companies any royalties from the advertisements revenue that they earn on the back of those performances. Considering that there are over 15,000 radio stations across the US performing hundreds of thousands of plays of music each week, US music creators and labels are potentially missing out on millions of dollars in royalties.
Virtually all other developed nations outside of the US have a performance right in sound recordings, which is known as neighbouring rights. When a US artist’s recording is performed on BBC in the UK, it earns neighbouring rights royalties for the US artist.
The fact that recordings earn royalties outside of the US is good news, right? Not so much.
Because the US does not have a national performance right in sound recordings (no neighbouring right), no recording earns these royalties. This includes recordings by artists from countries that do recognize neighbouring rights. So yeah, insert your favorite European band who gets high rotation on US radio.
As a result, the countries who do recognize neighbouring rights do not send the neighbouring rights royalties generated from the performance of recordings by US artists in their territory back to any of the US music rights organizations. They keep it or distribute it to the artists and labels in their territory.
Generally speaking, most indie artists who earn neighbouring rights royalties outside of the US will never see this royalty stream unless the US government makes a change to copyright law. Although there are some small companies who try to capture neighbouring rights royalties on behalf of US music creators, they tend to focus on a select roster of more established artists, leaving up-and-coming indie artists with no support.
So what now?
Well, now that you know US artists earn less royalty streams from their music than their international counterparts, it is really important to maximize the royalty streams that they do earn.
Many independent artists miss out on royalties that their music does earn because they do not properly register their songs, recordings, and releases with the various music rights organizations and licensing agencies who collect and distribute royalties. This is understandable, as it can be a pain to keep up with the many different registration processes across a number of organizations (ASCAP, BMI, SESAC, Music Reports, Harry Fox Agency, SoundExchange, the Alliance for Artists and Record Companies, and more). It can be burdensome, time consuming, and often confusing to properly register a complete album. However, missing just one registration or filing registrations late can result in lost royalties, or even disputes over ownership.
This is where TuneRegistry steps in to help.
TuneRegistry is an all-in-one music rights and metadata management platform for the independent music community. Easily organize and store your song details, recording metadata, credits and ownership splits, and release information in your TuneRegistry account. It’s your robust music catalog manager that’s accessible online, so you don’t have to worry about tracking down emails, storing through documents in various desktop and cloud folders, losing collaborator contact information, or any of the other messy issues that most indie artists face.
TuneRegistry is your one-stop source for keeping your music catalog in check.
The advantage of TuneRegistry over other catalog management systems is that we’ve integrated the registrations process directly to ASCAP, BMI, SESAC, Music Reports, SoundExchange, and many more. Save time, reduce errors, and unlock royalties with our integrated registrations module. We make it super easy to get your music registrations to the organizations and data services who need it.
My piece ‘Dear Indie Band, Your Friends Are Not Your Fans’ was featured on the indie band gigging website, IndieOnTheMove.com
I’m honored that a third piece has been featured on the quintessential band gigging website, Indie on the Move. Check it out here: http://www.indieonthemove.com/blog/2013/12/dear-indie-band-your-friends-are-not-your-fans
Every indie artist has experienced setbacks due to budget issues. When your budget is tight–or nonexistent–every penny counts.
You’ve just wrote three songs but can’t afford to record, mix and master them properly. Or you’ve spent all of your budget on the recording process and now you have no funds to promote your new music. Or you’ve landed a few multi-city gig opportunities as a result of your promotional efforts–and solid release campaign–but have no budget to go on tour. Or worse; you’re just too damn broke to even write!
What do you do when you don’t have a label underwriting your career and you have to choose between paying your personal bills and paying a studio engineer, publicist, or rental van company?
You fund raise!
I’m sure you’re thinking, “yeah I know I need to fund raise, but that’s easier said than done!” And you’re absolutely right. It’s not easy being an indie. That’s why there’s a term called “grind”. Indie artists must grind and grind hard. You must give it above 100% on everything just to move the needle an inch. This holds true for fund raising as well.
To fund raise effectively, you need to make a plan. You need to know what avenues you’re going to take to raise funds, how much funding you’re trying to raise, and how soon you need to raise the funds.
Set a reasonable goal over a reasonable period of time. Are you trying to raise $5,000 in 30 days, $10,000 in 60 days, $15,000 in 90 days or $100,000 in two weeks?
Assess your known challenges and address these challenges in your fund raising plan. For example:
- Do you have a full-time job or are you in school? If so, how many hours each day or each week can you set aside specifically for fund raising efforts?
- Do you have transportation? If not, then most of your fund raising activities may need to be conducted from home.
- Do you have dependents? If so, can you afford to put aside the monies you raise into your savings account specifically for your music career or do you have to share those funds with your expenses supporting dependents?
- Do you have two or more members in your group? If so, how will you allocate responsibility for fund raising?
There are many questions to ask yourself. Try to be thorough, honest and reasonable. Your assessment will help you figure out what tactics to take towards reaching your fund raising goal.
I’ve put together this list of fund raising tactics that you should consider incorporating into your fund raising plan. It’s not an exhaustive list so I welcome readers to comment with other ideas. Also, if you’ve tried any of these tactics in the past, what worked for you and what didn’t work for you?
If you’re a band, I seriously recommend that you open a joint savings account at a local bank and agree to deposit monies raised for the band into this joint account. You should also discuss what should happen to the funds if a member leaves the band before the funds are used–I personally might be a bit pissed if I helped raise $5,000 and then am kicked out of the band because I’m a sucky bass player. You might want to write up a band fund agreement and have each member sign it and keep a copy.
Also, I recommend allocating 1 or more tactic to each member, and setting individual fund raising goals based on what you all agree is reasonable based on that tactic. An equal split may not work since some tactics may be much more difficult than others.
For the solo artists out there, you might want to consider asking a friend to help you fund raise. If you’re a songwriter, your producer might help if you guys have an ongoing collaborative relationship.
Once you’ve considered all of the above pre-planning details, the next step is to choose your tactics, set specific fund raising goals as a portion of the total amount of funds you need to raise and then set timelines for reaching the tactic-level goals.
To help you with planning, you might want to consider using a project management and/or collaboration platform. Here’s 30 of the greatest online project management tools to check out.
10 Ways To Raise Funds For Your Next Music Project (Without Selling A Single Record)
1. Donations From Family & Friends. Don’t let your pride get in the way; ask your family and friends for donations toward your goal. If you have a website, consider using PayPal’s Donation platform to facilitate credit card transactions. You can also post an app on your Facebook Page using FundRazr. By allowing family and friends to donate on your website or Facebook Page, you eliminate the anxiety or self-prescribed embarrassment of having to ask directly to their face. Instead, you can send an email or text blast.
2. Crowdfunding Websites. By now, if you haven’t heard of the story of Amanda Palmer–the singer/songwriter who raised $1.2 million dollars on Kickstarter–then you have a lot catching up to do in the world of crowdfunding for musicians. Basically, the way crowdfunding works is you set a goal to raise a specific amount of funds by a specific end date. Then, you create a campaign page on the service’s website to compel strangers–crowd–to fund your project–crowdfunding–in exchange for receiving something once you’ve reached your fund raising goal. Kickstarter and IndieGogo are both very popular crowdfunding platforms, but there are many others such as PledgeMusic, SellABand, FeedBand and Patreon. Check those out as well as others via a Google search. Make sure to understand the differences such as whether or not you get to keep the funds if you do not hit the goal–that’s a no for Kickstarter but yes for Patreon–or if there are restrictions on how the funds can be used. There are others out there, so search the web!
3. Get A Songwriter or Artist Royalty Loan (No Credit Check and No Monthly Fees). Lyric Financial is a special financial service founded by musicians for musicians. They claim to be a leader in providing songwriters, producers and artists loans–or an advance–on future royalties from your songs. You can draw cash immediately for royalties that have not yet been paid by ASCAP, BMI, SESAC, your publisher, or your label. You do not have to pay any monthly fees. You do not give up your copyright ownership. They claim that there is no qualification; no credit check. As long as you currently earn royalties, you may be eligible for a loan.
4. Sell Or Auction Off Your Royalties. If you are generating royalties each year from previously released songs, you can sell the rights to your works on an auction to cash out and fund your next project. Royalty Exchange is a marketplace to sell royalties. Unlike the Lyric Financial loans, you do give up your copyright ownership in the works. This is because the new owner will be the person purchasing your copyright and therefore collecting all future royalties.
5. Music Licensing Agencies. If you have songs recorded–released or unreleased–you may be able to get those songs placed on TV shows, commercials, movies, or advertisements. When songs are licensed to a production, you earn synchronization fees as well as public performance royalties collected by ASCAP, BMI, and SESAC. There are dozens of music licensing agencies out there. They spend their day contacting music supervisors, advertisers, and production companies to convince these guys to license music from their indie artist clients instead of major recording artists. And they are working; driving millions of dollars in licensing deals every year. You can sign-up for several at one time and check out their listings. Here are a few to consider: Music Dealers, YouLicense, Pump Audio, BeatPick, BroadJam,Ocean Park, LicenseQuote and RumbleFish. There are others out there, so search the web!
6. Random Side Jobs. Depending on where you live, there may be plenty of weekend and evening side jobs that you can do to raise money. Check out the “Gigs” section of Craigslist.org. You might also consider spending a few hours a week getting paid to take surveys. Companies seek consumer insight to help make business decisions. They often use market research companies to do outreach to a target audience to get their feedback on a product or service; and they pay you for your time. Check out SurveyMonkey and ConsumerSurveys. There are others out there, so search the web!
7. Make Your SmartPhone Make You Money. Did you know that there are apps currently available on the PlayStore and iTunes that you can download and make money from today? There are apps that ask you to go to a store, such as Best Buy, and then take pictures of a display. The reason the product manufacture pay you to do this is because they want to make sure their product is on display properly. There are other apps that asks you to be mystery shoppers. And apps that pay you to check-in at locations. There are quite a few and here is a detailed list of 10 mobile apps to consider.
8. Gig, Gig, Gig. There’s nothing better than making money when performing your own music. Playing shows and selling tickets is not an easy task; but hey that’s the business you’re getting in. Try to setup shows locally and see if you can charge $5, $10, $15 a person. Also check out websites that help you find gigs such as SonicBids, GigFinder, Indie On The Move, and MusicClout. There are others out there, so search the web!
9. Get A Part-Time Job. If you already have a full schedule, you may consider becoming a “weekend warrior” for a few months while you save money. A lot of retail stores hire additional staff seasonally to support an increase in business and store traffic. The months of October – December are heavy holiday shopping months, so retail stores may seek additional stock room employees or cashiers.
10. Mr. or Mrs. Investor. Getting someone to invest in your music career is incredibly difficult to do unless you’ve proven your worth through previous releases. But getting someone to invest in you as a human being and future impact-maker may be a different option. As far as an investor in your music, this can be anyone with deep pockets. An in investor would typically like to know how the money will be spent and what kind of a return on their investor they should expect. One way to structure an investment deal is to keep 100% of your copyright but give them 50% of your publishing and executive producer credits to your songs. Only do this for the songs they are investing in; not your entire catalog. You should also think about when their publishing split should revert back to you. If someone invests $20,000 to record and promote one song and then own 50% of the publishing, they could potentially recoup their investment in 24-36 months; enjoy residual income for another 36-72 months. But what happens if it’s a smashing hit and their $20,000 is now bringing in $200,000? Well, an investor would say the point of investing is to earn the highest return. So, keep all of that in mind in structuring an investor deal. In terms of seeking an investment in you as a person–and not just a musician–you should check out these websites that helps individuals earn investments from other individuals in exchange for future compensation: Pave, ThrustFund, and Prosper. There are others out there, so search the web!
11. YouTube & Website Advertising Revenue. If you’re earning several hundred to tens of thousands of views on YouTube, you should join the YouTube Partner Program to earn money when ads are aired on your videos. If you are earning tens of thousands of views or more, you may be eligible to partner with a multi channel network such as INDMUSIC–Read this interview with the founder, Brandon Martinez–or the big dog Fullscreen to increase your ad revenue share. If you have a website with lots of traffic, consider working with SKIPIT to earn money when visitors decide to skip an ad airing on your videos. You can also use Google Adsense to earn advertising money from your website or blog.
12. Promote FREE Streams For Small Bucks. If you have music currently released digitally that is no longer selling; drive fans and friends to stream the hell out of your tracks for FREE on Spotify or other services such as Rhapsody and Rdio. They stream your song for FREE–or part of their subscription plan–and you earn pennies on a dollar. But remember, every penny counts!
13. Still need more money-making tips? Here are 52 Ways To Make Extra Money by Philip Taylor
The music industry is full of mystery. From the complexities of royalty calculations to the fundamental theory behind algorithmic music discovery, there is so much we simply don’t understand or can’t put our finger on. And the so-called experts often speak in anecdotes–highlighting success stories that are often exceptions to the rule–leaving curious indie artists more speculative than before their inquiry.
Active indie artists spend hours surfing the web looking for “answers.” You read blogs–such as this one–and browse the headlines of the most relevant trades to try to figure it all out.
You attend networking events and engage in forums; trading old information for new ones. You’re determined, eager and anxious to get it right and to charge forward to the next level of your career. Besides, you’ve spent hundreds of dollars–if not thousands–trying to get it right before.
So here you are. You’ve written and recorded a new record. You believe it’s good; great even. And maybe you’ve tested it a bit with friends or at gigs and the feedback has been positive.
You’re excited; this is the one that can get the momentum building in your career!
You don’t have a major label budget so you have one shot to get it right. But you don’t know where to start, because one of those great music industry mysteries is the formula–the secret sauce–to successfully releasing a new single.
The truth is, there is no formula.
If there was a formula, major record labels wouldn’t be loosing revenues by the millions. If there was a formula, the term “unexpected hit” wouldn’t exist in music industry lingo.
As disappointing as that may sound, there are some basic principles you can apply to your single release in an attempt to generate exposure and potentially sell records.
The ten steps below are my personal recommendations to help you with your planning. This is not in exhaustive list; nor is it the perfect set of steps for every artist of every musical genre.
I welcome readers to contribute to this discussion; to chime in on what has and has not worked for you in the past. And I welcome my colleagues to add additional steps or elaborate on any of the ten below.
Before you read, let me set the tone. I wrote these ten steps with the assumption that you are an indie artist or band that is unsigned. Although this information can apply to an artist/band signed to an indie label, the idea here is that you are completely DIY with no label support of any kind.
10 Steps To Building A Single Release Campaign
1. Create Great Music. Let’s be honest here indie artists; consumers aren’t stupid. They may not be music connoisseurs, but they certainly have musical tastes and an absurd amount of music discovery apps and website options to chose from. However, studies show that music discovery continues to be dominated by the radio. And we all know major recording artists dominate radio airplay–thanks to promotion departments with big budgets. But we also know that independent artists are selling records and indie artists are winning GRAMMY Awards. This is because their music is cutting through the clutter. Not because a shit load of blogs write about it, but because it’s great music that incites a response. Bad music is shit. Good music is tolerable. Great music incites response; and the response is repeat streams, evangelical shares and downloads.
2. Do Your Due Diligence. Before you begin to promote your great music, you need to secure and protect your rights so you don’t put yourself in a shitty situation later on. There’s some legal work you need to do before going all gung-ho on your release campaign. If you have an attorney, great. If not, there are a number of websites with templates to cover this stuff. Basically, you need to have agreements signed between you and your collaborators–split sheet, producer agreement, collaboration agreement, side artist agreement, etc.–that details how copyright and publishing ownership will be split as well as sales revenue.
3. Set A Release Date & Schedule Distribution. One of the challenges indie artists face in building a release campaign is not giving themselves a sufficient amount of lead time to layout and execute the details of a plan. You need time to do all of the work involved with a release. Sometimes, you’re so excited about your new record that you post it up prematurely. This is fine if you have no intent to commercially release the record. However, if you do want to generate sales–and your fan base has not historically been quick buyers of your music–then you need time to start generating buzz and momentum. Most major labels spend no less than 8 to 16 weeks planning towards the release of a single. Sometimes they push the release date back if they have not reached certain goals by specific weeks (although this mostly happens for albums, and not singles). You should consider giving yourself no less than 6-12 weeks from the start of activating your campaign. Also, the release date you select can also be a factor in the success or failure of your release. Some parts of the year there are a lot of major artist releases. Therefore, radio play, blog features, press/media coverage is focused on these major releases. Holiday season (October-December) and Spring are two of the biggest seasons for major releases. However, there is discrepancy in the music industry on when is the “best” time for indie artists to release music. Some say that the Summer is solid, and that’s because of the major label hiatus (execs going on vacation) and the increase in music events such as summer concert series, indie music festivals, etc. While I agree that the summer months are much better than Holiday season in general, it’s a whole different story if you’re releasing a Holiday themed song. The bottom line is, selecting a release date is part smart and part timely. Once you’ve determined when you want to release, you need to schedule the distribution. If you plan to release a digital single only, you can use a service such as TuneCore to distribute your single to iTunes, MySpace Music, Rhapsody, Spotify, Rdio and many others. If you plan to release a physical CD and digital, you may consider CDBaby.
4. Register Your Works. Once you’ve scheduled your distribution–if you haven’t already done so–you’re going to want to register your song with your performance rights organization aka PRO (ASCAP, BMI, or SESAC), as well as with the US Copyright Office, as well as with SoundExchange who pays the artists when songs are played on digital mediums. Additionally, if you’re really confident about how amazingly great your record is and you expect–or at least, hope–to earn a respectable number of digital sales, you should consider setting yourself up to be eligible to earn a placement on one or more Billboard charts. To be eligible, you should both register the ISRC of your song and register the title with Nielsen SoundScan. And lastly, if you’re super confident in your great song, you should read up on how to get your song certified as a Gold or Platinum selling single by the RIAA as well as how to be eligible to win a GRAMMY Award.
5. Set Reasonable Goals. Now that all the “administrative work” is complete, it’s time to roll up your sleeves, develop a plan and get to work. A good plan needs concrete goals. One of the ways to measure the effectiveness of a plan is to determine if you’ve reached or exceeded your initial goals. Too often, indie artists create music, throw it up on the Internet and are disappointed with the outcome. But, you may be selling yourself short by not setting reasonable goals in advance. In fact, you may have exceeded what the music ecosystem has determined as your demand/worth based on your existing support system. As an indie artist–even with no fan base–there are reasonable goals that you can set that have nothing to do with record sales. Your goal may be to earn X number of video views, or X number of music streams, or X number of shares, or X number of downloads (including free downloads).
6. Marketing & Promotion Planning. Once you’ve set your goals, you need to think about how you plan to reach and exceed those goals. There are a number of approaches. I am a huge proponent of integrated marketing approaches. That is, tactics that overlap and contribute towards the impact of two or more goals. For example, if you have a video on YouTube, at the end of the video should be a download link for the song that was just played (use YouTube’s video editing features to embed links in videos). If you print up flyers and posters to promote upcoming gigs, include your social media links. To reach a goal for shares of a song; consider creating a “Share And Win” campaign on social media. The basic premise is that by sharing your song or flyer, the action represents an entry for the chance to win something such as a pre-release or tickets to an upcoming gig. You might consider gift cards to a retail store like Target–yes, completely irrelevant to your music but incredibly relevant to the listener’s lifestyle–because the goal is to offer the most compelling incentive to reach your goal (a Target gift card may be more compelling than a free download of your music). A cool way to promote your upcoming release is by giving away a previous release or a record you do not intend to release. Check out SocialUnlock, which is a platform that lets you setup a campaign to give away music in exchange for social interactions (such as “Likes” and Shares). Also, look into securing radio airplay on a number of the indie radio sites. You want your song on air no less than 4 weeks before the release. Also, check out IndiePower for resources.
7. Line Up A Few Gigs. When releasing new music, it’s helpful to perform the music in front of an audience prior to release. If the music is as great as you think, they’ll respond. If the response is not what you expect, you’ll have some food for thought in terms of continuing the journey towards a commercial release. SonicBids and Indie On The Move are good resources to find gigs. Reaching out to local coffee shops, bars & nightclubs, small concert halls with indie nights (aka “pay for play”) are also good ways to set up gigs. You also might be able to secure gigs by directly contacting medium sized tour management companies and booking agencies and talking your way into opening up for a bigger act that’s coming to your city. You should also consider doing presales of your single at these events. A savvy way to do it is to bundle your single with a ticket sale. When attendees purchase a ticket, they are also purchasing your $.99 single. Check out this article by ASCAP for some tips on presale.
8. Seek And Secure Publicity. There are an insane number of music blogs generating exposure for new music every day; connecting music lovers with indie artists. Here is a list of over 100 hundred of them. There are three basic types of publicity you want to secure and it’s a good idea to make this part of your goals. First, you want music reviews. If your music is great, the reviews will be amazing. If the reviews are negative, then you might have a rude awakening that will help you evaluate your music. Secondly, you want interviews. Often, music bloggers will simply send you a list of questions via email that you respond to and send back with a biography and discography and they take it from there. The third kind of publicity is features. Ideally, you want to be featured on the main page of the website/blog. Normally, the feature will include a photo and link to a post (either a review or interview). Most websites/blogs have a contact page. Find that page to submit your press release (oh yeah, you should probably write a press release) or click on the author of any given music post to locate the information of a specific writer. Another form of publicity is radio interviews. While it is incredibly difficult to get an interview with a mainstream radio station, it is not that difficult to get an interview with an independent or lesser known radio station. There are a number of independent terrestrial radio stations in and around major markets. Do some research and give them a call about setting up an interview. Also, many of the djs on mainstream radio stations have their own Internet radio shows. Reach out to them to see if you can set up an in-studio interview at their Internet radio show. The idea is to capture your interview on video and to post it on YouTube. Another publicity boaster is a Wikipedia page for your band. Hypebot explains how to get your band on Wikiepedia.
9. Review And Adjust. I know you may think this Step 9 is a cop out to providing some useful information, but the reality is reviewing and adjusting efforts in the remaining weeks or days before a release can be the difference between no sales and many sales. Have you reached your goals with two weeks left until the release? Have you sold any presales? Have you run out of energy and ideas? If so, read “Countdown To Maximum Exposure” by CDBaby.
10. Throw An Effing Party! You’ve worked your butt off. Celebrate with a single release party. You might offer fans a ticket to this single release party as part of the bundle when you’re gigging to raise awareness of your release. For example, Admission/Single/Future Admission For Single Release Party…all for $10. Pretty good deal.